Blogs, Children, Life style, Uncategorized

Antique Educational Tools Children Must Know About

Few days back, when I was visiting my parents and working on my laptop, my father started telling me about how he used to write on the stationary of his times and suddenly he was feeling very nostalgic. I couldn’t help myself from searching the net and find more about the stationery which my parents used to have during their school days.
We have sleek modern stationery and latest gadgets to work on but think of those days when our parents were in school. Isn’t it interesting to think about and imagine how they used to go to school carrying those brown bags on their shoulder with takhti, qalam and dawaat in one hand. They had to write on slates and memorise everything bacause there were no means of storing or saving all the information provided by the teachers.
I must say I found it very interesting searching about the stationery of that time. Take a look at this:
1. Takhti

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Image courtesy: youtube

It was a small size portable flat wooden board used to practice Hindi alphabets and maths. It had to be cleaned every day with a wet cloth and coated with a paste of fuller’s earth.

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Image courtesy: anshexporter.com
Fuller’s earth was an essential thing in every household. The paste was prepared in advance since it had to be used regularly. The wooden writing board or takhti was kept to dry after applying the paste.

takhti pinterest

Image courtesy: pinterest.com

2.Qalam

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Image courtesy: pegham.com

Qalam was a kind of pen made from “sentha” or bamboo. It was made by slicing the bamboo straw diagonally using a kitchen knife. It was dipped in ink and used for writing.

3. Syaahi and Dawaat (Quill and Inkpot)

quill and inkpot

Image courtesy: bharatdiscovery.org

The ink was made by dissolving “khadia” flakes (chalk/limestone) in water and was kept in a small size glass inkpot. It had a small piece of cloth or rug placed inside to prevent the qalam from hitting the bottom of the inkpot. The consistency of the ink had to be set properly so as to prevent from leakage.
Dawaat or the ink pot had to be carried very carefully as the ink might get spilled and there were chances of the books getting spoiled.
4. Writing Slate

wooden slate

Image courtesy: istock photo
Then came the writing slate. It was a piece of slate encased in a wooden frame. A piece of cloth or slate sponge was used to clean it and slate pencil or chalks were used to write on it. The slate board and slate pencils were mostly used to practice maths at home.

5. Bastaa

बस्ता

Image courtesy: alamy.com/ youtube

The bag that children of those times used to be very different than what we have today. They were rectangular in shapes with straps to carry it on shoulders. They were brown in colour and were made of canvas. They had a big pocket in front and contained three to four notebooks.

Antique Educational Tools Children Must Know About

Now, when I look at the stationery used by kids, it is strikingly in contrast with the stationery of those days. Coloured, sleek, modern and branded with prints of latest cartoon characters and available in almost every colour. We can even get them customised as per our choice.

The bags of those times were very light in weight as opposed to the heavy bags which children carry these days.
Let’s take a look at the stationery of today:

1) Coloured Pens and pencils
These days’ pens and pencils are available in different colours to highlight the work done in notebooks. There are different types of pens for different style of writing. Pens and pencils can be customised also with the names of the child.

2) Notebooks
Attractive cover pages, ruled, blank pages, boxes of different sizes, notebooks of every subject, a variety in terms of size and number of pages and so on. There is an endless variety in the notebooks that we get in the market today.
3) Bags
From backpack bags to trolley bags, cute cartoon prints to animal faces, ranging in various sizes and can be customised too. School bags have come a long way and undergone tremendous changes during this time.

Not only educational tools and equipment even educational system itself has undergone tremendous changes. The classrooms now have interactive smart boards and students study on tablets but when we talk to our parents, they really had fun even with those limited and modest tools and equipment. The takhti, qalam and dawaat have loads of memories attached with them.

Blogs, Children, DIY Activities, Life style, parenting, Uncategorized

How Worksheets Benefit Young Learners

Academics play a great role in the development of a child. Right from the very beginning we try various methods of teaching concepts to our little ones. While for teaching toddlers and pre-schoolers, play way method and Montessori methods are the best, at the same time, we must not underestimate the role of worksheets in the teaching process.

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So, what are the benefits of worksheets for a pre-schooler?
1. Evaluation
When we are teaching a pre-schooler through play way method, it is also important to evaluate how much he has learnt. Worksheets help in evaluating the child’s learning of the concept.
2. Attention building
A child’s attention span is very less. But for a pre-schooler, it is important to gradually increase his attention span which is also important for learning academics. Worksheets help in building attention of a pre-schooler.
3. Better understanding
Worksheets are a fun way of providing an excellent understanding of different concepts. Worksheets provide an effective and enriching way of learning in less time.
4. Help the child learn to sit through for longer duration
Pre-schoolers are very active and love to run around and get involved in various activities. But since the pre-schoolers are getting ready for formal schools, it is important for them to learn to sit at a place and develop the habit of completing the task assigned. Worksheets help them in that process.
5. Builds an interest in studies
For a pre-schooler, it is also important to develop an interest in the formal method of studying. Worksheets are designed in a fun way with drawings and illustrations. They help in building an interest of the pre-schoolers in the formal way of teaching and learning process.
Keeping the above points in mind, I regularly create worksheets for my little one which has benefitted her greatly. She enjoys doing them and we spend some fun time together while learning a lot of things.

Children, DIY Activities, Toddler, Uncategorized

How to Help Kids Develop Interest in Maths

Maths is an interesting subject, however, it is often perceived as difficult or tough by most of us. This perception of ours often gets ingrained among the children which later gets converted in maths phobia. To get rid of this phobia or to make sure that kids do not develop it, I always made sure to make my kids number friendly right from the very beginning. It is not about making kids study maths or drilling them with maths exercises instead it is about involving and creating activities with numbers so that kids develop an interest in them.

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Maths in Nature
Maths is everywhere around us. We often fail to notice or observe it. Recently, while helping my daughter in her school projects, I came across this very interesting topic of Maths in Nature. It’s a great way of letting kids know how maths is present in nature and is an essential part of it. For older kids, let them observe and notice the patterns and symmetry in leaves, flowers, trees and animals.
For younger kids, take them for a nature walk and let them observe the lines, shapes and sizes of different leaves and flowers. Let them compare their colours, textures, sizes.

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Maths in Real Life
Let the kids explore the various aspects of Maths in everyday life. While walking on the road, we can point out the pattern of the zebra crossing. The comparison in the size of different vehicles, the shapes of various buildings. Older kids can be asked to observe 3 D shapes in various buildings. They can be shown the pictures of different structures like pyramids, tombs, rectangular buildings and so on.

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Fun Games with Maths
Remember, hopscotch? We could play this fun game based on numbers for hours at a stretch. This game is based on numbers, forward counting, backward and skip counting. How about taking this game a little forward and writing multiplication tables in each block? Children will have fun learning tables and never forget them.

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Maths Based Board Games

Games like Snakes and ladder, monopoly, Business, Ludo and various card games like UNO, playing cards and even Tambola help kids develop an interest in numbers from the very beginning. If parents get involved while playing such games with their children, they will find numbers fun.

There are a number of other activities which I did with my daughters to make them number friendly. Once, the child develops an inclination towards numbers, they will always find it easy while learning in their later life in school.

Pic Courtesy: Pexels

Children, Life style, parenting, Social Responsibilty, Uncategorized

5 Tips to Teach Kids About How to Save Water

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We are celebrating Earth Day this week. Just as we have started realising the importance of conservation of our natural environment and taking various steps around it, it is equally important to make kids understand it also. Children are the future of this world. It is more important for them to learn and follow the steps towards saving their environment.
Water is the most important resource and kids love to play with water. However, in this natural tendency, they tend to waste a lot of water. It is important to take necessary steps around their playing with water which should ensure that there is minimum wastage and maximum enjoyment also.

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Tips to save water for kids
1. Kids love to play while taking a bath. They love making bubbles and splashing water here and there. While giving kids a bath. Instead of giving them bath in a shower can use a tub filled with water. After bathing the child, the water can be used for washing toilets or flushing.
2. While brushing and washing their hands, they tend to leave the tap running for and play in water. We can make them understand that how it leads to wastage of water and instead keep a bucket full of water in the bathroom for washing their hands or brushing.

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3. Children drink less water at a time. If we give them a glass full of water, they leave half of it. We can keep a tumbler or a separate bottle for them and encourage them to drink from it. If they leave water in a glass, encourage them to use that water for the plants.
4. A lot of water is discarded by RO water purifiers. We can collect that water and keep it in a bucket. Let kids use that water for watering the plants or flushing purposes.
5. Tell them about various ways of recycling or reusing water. While washing pulses and vegetables, we can show them that water can be collected in a separate utensil after washing the pulses and vegetables and can be used for various other washing or cleaning purposes.

Water is important for everyone and we need to save every drop of it. If we teach our kids about saving water right from the beginning, they develop the right habits to save every single drop of it.





Blogs, Children, DIY Activities, parenting, Toddler, Uncategorized

Activities for Learning Patterns and Free Printable

Patterns are found everywhere around us. They bring order and regularity in our lives. You must have noticed how even a small child starts forming patterns and learns to put up random objects in a certain kind of pattern. For example, even a toddler quickly starts joining blocks and gives them a certain order. Kids find it too interesting to arrange utensils like bowls and spoons in a certain order or pattern. This is because it is our basic tendency to create an order or arrange the things out of unorderly things.

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Why learning patterns is important for children?
Patterns are all around us, be it buildings, flowers, trees, bridges, floor tiles and so on. Patterns are taught as a part of maths, bet they are used in almost every subject. Even music and dance has patterns. Learning about patterns is an important part of future learning. They help in making predictions and generalizations. It is a basic maths skill. Patterns help us to create a balance and bring harmony in our everyday lives. They also help us in learning logic, sequencing and structure.

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How to teach patterns to kids?
Patterns are not only easy to learn but interesting also. Recently, I did a few simple activities to teach pattern to my daughter. I used simple things like spoons, butter knives, forks, pens and pencils for this activity.

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I arranged similar objects in simple pattern and asked her to put in the line which object comes next. We did this activity for a while taking various objects and changing the pattern. She enjoyed it a lot.

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Also, the best way to teach pattern is take the kids outdoor and let them observe pattern in real life like zebra crossing, pattern on a tree, the arrangement of various pots and plants in the garden and so on.
Once, the child has learnt patterns and can create pattern on his own. You can give them worksheets or printable for practice.
I am attaching here the downloadable version of a few worksheets that I created and gave my daughter to practice patterns. Click on the link below to download free printable for learning patterns.

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